Websites of note
Council of Canadian Academies - an independent, not-for-profit corporation promoting science-based, expert studies to inform public policy in Canada. Since 2005.
National Research Council Canada - Government research and development, with about 20 institutes and national programs, spanning varied disciplines and offering varied services. Since 1916.
Royal Society of Canada: the Academies of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada (RSC) - promotes learning and research in the arts, the humanities, and the social and natural sciences. Since 1882.