Work interests: Plant Physiology, Forestry, Stable Isotopes, Archaeobotany, Agriculture, Plant breeding, Ecohydrology
Preferred contact method: Any
Preferred contact language(s): English, Spanish
Contact: ARAID-Dept. of Forest Resources, Agrifood Research and Technology Centre of Aragón (CITA) Avda. Montañana 930, 50059 Zaragoza, SPAIN
Work: Plant ecophysiology, stable isotopes, archaeobotany, palaeoenvironment, plant breeding
Affiliations: ARAID-Dept. of Forest Sciences, Agrifood Research and Technology Centre of Aragón (CITA)
Functional Basis of Sclerophylly Within the Leaf Economics Spectrum of Oaks: Different Roads to Rome
Sclerophylly (hard leaves) has evolved independently in different woody plant genera and has been traditionally considered as a stress-tolerance trait. However, the underlying drivers for this functional trait are still a matter of debate; it has been proposed as an adaptive response to miscellaneous stress factors, such as nutrient scarcity, drought stress, herbivory, and cold tolerance, and due to the large investment costs of sclerophylly, it is generally associated with a longer leaf life span.
The genus Quercus constitutes a unique living laboratory to understand global adaptive patterns along the leaf economic spectrum in forest trees. With more than 400 species, oaks are distributed along six zonobiomes and its versatility has resulted in a wide range of variations in leaf functional traits and contrasting adaptive strategies. However, although this wide variability cannot be explained alone by any of the ecological factors considered, such as drought, nutrient scarcity, low temperatures during vegetative period, and physical damage, neither any of them could be fully discarded. Noteworthy, our study also suggests that these constraints may have a synergistic effect, and from a functional point of view, we can conclude that in oaks leaf habit largely modulates the physiological implications of sclerophylly.
Alonso-Forn, D., Sancho-Knapik, D., Ferrio, J.P. et al. Revisiting the Functional Basis of Sclerophylly Within the Leaf Economics Spectrum of Oaks: Different Roads to Rome. Curr Forestry Rep (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40725-020-00122-7